The existence of office politics is a fact of life
I remember 24th February 1986 very well. Three days after my birthday, which I spent in upstate New York. I was unable to travel home to Southern California at the end of a successful sales trip, the result of a snowstorm. However, the main reason I remember it so well is it was also the day I was let go from the last company I worked for before starting a succession of my own companies. It’s fair to say this is when I first began to consider the personas involved in office politics.
I’ll spare you my admittedly biased view of that event, other than to say, I’d done an excellent job. One I possibly may have done better. Whether or not that was true would determine how much my departure was due to office politics. Whatever the case here is three truths:
- If you’ve worked in a company for even just a few days, you’ve encountered office politics.
- No matter your company’s business or the degree of its success, you’ve encountered office politics.
- If you work with as few as one other human being, you’ve experienced office politics.
And here’s the rub. That will always be true no matter what your company says to the contrary. All the policy meant to reduce or eliminate office politics aside, its existence is a fact of business life, indeed, of being human.
The personas involved in office politics
There are three main personas involved in office politics into which we all fall, Predators, Enablers and Victims.
Predators knowingly and sometimes unknowingly, aided by Enablers who knowingly or not assist the Predator, initiate action that will potentially impact one or more Victims. In other words, you either start “it”, help make “it” happen, or suffer the consequences of “it”. In some cases one, two, or all three.
Cold, I know, but a reality nevertheless. And should you think yourself above office politics, you’re not. You may not always know you’re politicking; often you won’t. However you and all the rest of us are always, to varying degrees, one of these, sometimes two or all three simultaneously (being the one who starts or helps with office politics can and does backfire.
There are important nuances to each; let’s consider them all in a little more depth.
In his or her nastiest form, a Predator is an individual, who, with great forethought and planning, purposely targets one or more Victims. S(he) will do or say what s(he) must to set events in motion that s(he) hopes will result in personal benefit to her/himself, even at significant cost to the company.
Fortunately, most Predators are not so to this extreme. In many cases, a Predator doesn’t even have the desired outcome in mind. They simply say something about a potential Victim without thinking about what may happen as a result.
As the name implies, Enablers enable Predators, doing all or part of what the Predator needs to be done. Why? Because they believe what the Predator tells them, because they believe supporting the Predator will benefit them, or simply out of fear that if they don’t the Predator will turn on them.
By definition, Predators initiate actions aimed at Victims but Enablers are ultimately just as culpable, often to the point of ensuring the Victim’s ultimate downfall.
The third of the personas of office, politics, not much beyond the name need be said. Victims are on the receiving end of office politics, at least in those cases that succeed. However not all do and when they don’t the Predator and his/her Enablers can become their own Victims.
Don’t be fooled into thinking Predators will leave you alone as long as you’re doing what everyone sees to be a good job. Not only will they not your job performance might enlarge the target on your back.
If they fear you, if they can’t outcompete you, they may attempt to damage you some other way. Or taking a less conspiratorial view, they simply may see things differently than you, believing what you are doing is not good for the company and certainly not good for them.
Surviving office politics
It’s really quite easy; simply recognize the inevitability of office politics. Like smog, traffic, higher cost of living, etc., whether you work at someone else’s company or your own, you live with it. And here’s what may or may not be good news of that being so.
Calling it office politics might imply you must only deal with it at work. Not so; as already said, putting two humans together results in one consciously or otherwise attempting to manipulate, cajole, intimidate; at the very least, influence the other. It’s just who we are.
Don’t fear or expect to benefit from it but do question your reaction to others regardless of who they are and the circumstances surrounding your interaction with them. More importantly, do so particularly in those situations where you are certain you are right, the other person wrong.
Understand that whether you wish to or not, being human, you will, at varying times in different circumstances act as one of the personas of office politics, whether that be the Predator, Enabler, and/or Victim, both outside as well as in the office.