Everyone knows that dentistry applies to the treatment of teeth and gums. This treatment mostly refers to curing diseases, repairing teeth, and replacing broken ones. You may think that this is a linear field; however, there is more to the science of dentistry than you may think.

There are many different sectors of dentistry that you can go into, and they all serve a unique purpose. As such, let’s look at each field to see why someone would elect to pursue it professionally.

General Dentists

The average person should visit a general dentist, or DDS, once every six months. These are professionals that can perform all manner of tasks that relate to your teeth. This includes cleaning the patient’s teeth, diagnosing any diseases, and fitting dentures.

A general dentist will recommend that snacks and junk food should be kept to the barest minimum. Not only are they unhealthy, but are harmful to your dental health as well. If you do not keep an eye on your habit of eating junk food, then you might have to look for the best teeth-whitening toothpaste to save you from a bad smile and occasional but intensive dental pain.

The main reason for seeing a general dentist is to prevent damage and tooth loss.

A general dentist needs to have a PhD or equivalent to be able to practice at this level.


The second most well-known type of dentist is the orthodontist. Most people come across these professionals at a teenage level, as these are the dental experts who are responsible for straightening teeth.

This practice requires further orthodontic courses beyond basic dentistry training. This is because orthodontists work in a field that requires them to fix up jawlines, an incredibly delicate science. Anyone searching for a comprehensive orthodontist course should know that it is a very niche sector of dentistry. However, there are always people out there who are willing to train you, such as the London Dental Institute.

Maxillofacial Surgeon

The two fields of dentistry above are mostly focused on basic treatments, but surgical work does crop up from time to time. However, if you want to focus primarily on surgery, then you may consider becoming a maxillofacial surgeon.

This field consists of diagnosing and treating patients with dental issues but extends beyond the jaw and mouth to concern the face and neck as well. A job like this is very academic and requires four years of dentistry training on top of a four-year surgical residency. While this field has a focus on dentistry, there are other operations that you will perform, such as tumour removals and facial reconstruction surgeries.


You have likely been seen by a dental hygienist at some point in your life. These are the unsung heroes in the dental profession and are often overlooked. A dental hygienist acts as the general dentist’s assistant, providing cleansing treatments and diagnosing issues that relate to the teeth and gums.

A hygienist does not need a Ph.D. to perform their duties; however, they do need a degree in dental hygiene. There will always be a need for hygienists, so it is a career worth looking at if you aren’t sure about lengthy periods of education.


The work of a dentist is some of the most important in our modern society. However, don’t let this fact distract you from the fact that there are other equally important jobs in this field. Make sure you have done your research before choosing a path.

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As an experienced business and finance writer I understand the corporate landscape and the driving forces behind it. Over the years I’ve shared my insight and knowledge with key industry publications and dedicated my time to showing how business leaders can make their organisations more effective.