In the digital age, technology has become an integral part of our daily lives. However, for older people, the rapid pace of technological advancement can be overwhelming and intimidating. This article aims to provide practical tips on how to encourage technology adoption for older people, understand the reasons behind their resistance, and explore the potential of artificial intelligence (AI) in bridging the digital divide.
The Digital Divide: A Closer Look
According to the Pew Research Center’s 2021 survey, younger people are still more likely to be early adopters of technology and are more likely to use the Internet. While the older population uses technology at a lower rate than the general public, the group now uses it more than any of their similarly aged predecessors, and over the last decade, the gap has significantly narrowed.
In 2012, only 13% of people aged 65+ owned a smartphone, while 9 years later that had grown to some 61%. 11% used social media in 2012 and in 2021 usage had grown for these elders to 45%. From virtually none in this age bracket owning a computer or tablet 9 years before, ownership had risen to 44% in 2021. These statistics demonstrate a promising trend towards digital inclusivity.
Understanding the Resistance
The resistance of older people to technology often stems from a combination of factors. Firstly, the fear of the unknown is a significant barrier. Many older adults did not grow up with the technology we have today, making it unfamiliar and daunting. Secondly, cognitive decline associated with ageing can make learning new skills challenging. Lastly, the perception that technology is impersonal and reduces human interaction can also deter older adults from embracing it.
A study titled “Older Adults Talk Technology: Technology Usage and Attitudes” provides an in-depth look at these barriers. The study found that older adults often feel left behind by the rapid pace of technological change and worry about the potential risks associated with online activities.
Neuroscience and Ageing
Neuroscience offers insights into why older people might resist technology. As we age, our brains undergo changes that can affect our ability to learn new things. The plasticity of the brain decreases, making it harder to form new neural connections necessary for learning new skills, such as using a smartphone or a computer. However, it’s important to note that while the brain’s plasticity decreases with age, it never disappears completely. This means that older people can still learn and adapt to new technologies, albeit at a slower pace.
Encouraging Technology Adoption
Encouraging technology adoption in older people involves several strategies.
1. Simplify the Technology
Choose devices and applications that are user-friendly and specifically designed for older adults. Large buttons, clear instructions, and intuitive interfaces can make technology more accessible. Companies are now designing products with older people in mind, recognizing the need for simpler, more intuitive technology.
2. Provide Patient Training
Patience is key when teaching older adults to use technology. Start with the basics and gradually introduce more complex functions. Reinforce learning through repetition and practice. Community centres, libraries, and even some tech companies offer classes designed to help older people navigate the digital world.
3. Make Technology Relevant
Show how technology can enhance their lives. Whether it’s video calling with family, online shopping, or digital healthcare services, making the benefits tangible can motivate older adults to learn. For instance, telemedicine has been a game-changer for older people, allowing them to consult with their doctors from the comfort of their homes.
4. Social Interaction
Technology can be a tool for social connection. Introducing older adults to social media or video calling apps can help them stay connected with friends and family. A study “Understanding older adults’ attitudes toward mobile and wearable technologies to support health and cognition” found that older people who used technology to stay connected with loved ones reported higher levels of life satisfaction.
The Role of AI in Assisting older people
AI has the potential to revolutionize the way older adults interact with technology. Voice-activated AI, like Siri or Alexa, can perform tasks without the need for manual navigation. AI can also be used to monitor health, provide reminders for medication, and even detect falls or other emergencies. By making technology more intuitive and responsive, AI can help alleviate some of the challenges older people face when using technology.
AI-powered personal assistants can help older people manage their daily tasks, while AI-driven health monitoring systems can provide peace of mind for both older people and their caregivers. Furthermore, AI can help create more personalized, engaging experiences for older people, making technology feel less impersonal and more like a helpful companion.
Keeping The Needs Of Older People In Mind
While the digital divide between older people and technology exists, it’s not insurmountable. With patience, understanding, and the right tools, we can help older adults navigate the digital world. As technology continues to evolve, it’s crucial to ensure that everyone, regardless of age, can reap its benefits.
The future of technology for older people looks promising, with advancements in AI and a growing recognition of the need for more friendly devices and applications. As we continue to innovate, we must keep the needs of our older population in mind. We must encourage technology adoption in older people to enhance their lives, rather than be a source of frustration or confusion.
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Andrew Deen has been a consultant for startups in almost every industry from retail to medical devices and everything in between. He is currently writing a book about scaling up business and his experience implementing lean methodology.