A people strategy is essential
If a business wants to drive up performance and get the best out of their people. Underpinning business outcomes with a people strategy can be a pretty smart move. Too often, business plans, aims and goals are set without any corresponding detail describing how people will help to deliver and achieve what the business has set out to do.
Developing a people strategy mustn’t be confused with an HR strategy. Lack of understanding about terminology can make or break the success of a strategy, particularly around your people. Too often an HR strategy is focussed on transactional and policy functions and this dilutes the emphasis about developing strategies to make sure the right people in the right roles deliver the right outcomes, in the right time.
In reality, though it matters not what the strategy is called, except that it must be about people and not HR processes or transactions. Making sure everyone is on the same page in respect of terminology being used when developing a strategy is absolutely crucial. A great people strategy will not only increase the odds of but also accelerate the speed of, success.
Following these seven steps will help to maintain focus on what is needed to develop a great people strategy.
1. Horizon scans internally and externally
Horizon scanning should not be a one-off event which is carried out to inform a proposed strategy, but an on-going knowledge/news bank preserved within a pre-determined framework to make sure new factors are identified at the earliest opportunity. Organisations benefit from ensuring future scanning is a cultural norm.
There are a variety of horizon scanning models, used to pull external information together. It is worth researching to find the best fit, but STEEP (PEST) is one of the most commonly used formats.
2. Understand the business and its people
It is crucial the organisation’s business objectives, priorities and constraints are understood inside out. If the people strategy is being developed through the HR Department, then it’s essential that HR are involved in the formation and decision making of overall business strategy. This is because HR will understand the capacity, capabilities and current potential of the people and such insights can temper and shape expectations around outcomes and any timelines being worked to.
3. Establish the top five priorities
Establishing the top five people priorities is a key step, as they will contribute directly to help deliver on desired business outcomes and priorities. Required cultural changes should not be sidestepped. Quite often “the way we do things around here” can sabotage the most exacting and thought out outcome based people strategy. Being tempted to include more than five priorities can be counterproductive, and using a Pareto Principle approach is more effective. Too much detail dilutes efforts, while a vital few things will create the biggest impact.
4. Involve others and share widely to gain maximum input at all stages
If HR is developing the strategy, make sure it is not perceived as being “owned” by HR. The business must own the people strategy. The name must be carefully chosen, so it represents the inclusion of everyone in the organisation. Call it, the “people plan” or the “people element of the business plan”.
Involving as many people as possible is crucial to the success right at the formative stage. Using focus groups made up of a cross-section of employees, employee representatives and external customers is an effective way to capture ideas and feedback. Take constructive suggestions on board and if you don’t act on them, explain why.
5. Benchmark across both industry-specific and Non-specific companies
Identifying innovative and emerging people practices across a range of industries can help develop great ideas and create achievable standards and benchmarks. Finding out about success stories in alternative industries can invoke creative and “out of the box” thinking and can lead to fresh parameters around best practice or introduce new processes.
6. Monitor and measure progress
Setting specific, measurable, attainable, relevant and timely (SMART) criteria is essential to measure success. Put in place a credible, simple and easy-to-compile measurement system to track progress in hitting specific goals. Link any people outcomes clearly with business outcomes Monitor results using measurable milestones.
7. Produce a user-friendly working document in simple language
Present the final strategy in employee-friendly language so that everyone both inside and outside of the organisation can understand it. If it doesn’t fit on two sides of A4 paper at most, it’s too long and so will be put in a drawer and forgotten about. A teenager should be able to understand it. Check it against the Flesch–Kincaid readability test which gives some ideas about how plain the English should be.